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Check the corresponding page in the Community Manifesto:

Voter requirements

Photo ID

The following countries require voter photo IDs: some US states, France...
The following countries do not require voter photo IDs: most US states, UK...


Aspects of election fraud:

The general methodologies used in election fraud

1] Disenfranchisement: Making it difficult or impossible for certain groups of people to vote when they have the right to vote.
2] Intimidate: To render full of fear.
3] Vote buying: Paying people to vote.
4] Misinformation: Lying to gain votes
5] Misleading or confusing ballot papers.
6] Destruction or loss of ballot papers.


The Brennan Center for Justice:

The Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law is a non-partisan public policy and law institute that focuses on the fundamental issues of democracy and justice. Our work ranges from voting rights to campaign finance reform, from racial justice in criminal law to Constitutional protection in the fight against terrorism. A singular institution — part think tank, part public interest law firm, part advocacy group — the Brennan Center combines scholarship, legislative and legal advocacy, and communications to win meaningful, measurable change in the public sector.

The Truth about Fraud:

Allegations of widespread fraud by malevolent voters are easy to make, but often prove to be inflated or inaccurate. Crying “wolf” when the claims are unsubstantiated distracts attention from real problems that need real solutions. Moreover, these claims are frequently used to justify policies – including restrictive photo identification rules – that could not solve the alleged wrongs, but that could well disenfranchise legitimate voters. The Brennan Center carefully examines allegations of fraud to get at the truth behind the claims.

  • An analysis of more than 250 claims of fraud in the Supreme Court's photo ID case
    • Finding not one proven case of a fraudulent vote that the challenged law could prevent
    • Exposing false assertions that photo ID is required for common activities
  • The Truth About Voter Fraud, examining inflated claims of voter fraud nationwide
    • Debunking claims of double voting, dead voters, and more

    See more about the link between voter fraud and restrictive ID rules here and here.

Voter fraud resources: analysis and reports.

Verified Voting:

Verified Voting’s mission is “Safeguarding elections in the digital age.” We are a non-governmental organization working toward accuracy, integrity and verifiability of elections. We believe the integrity and strength of our democracy relies on citizen's trust that each vote be counted as cast. Our primary concern lies in ensuring that the means for verifying election outcomes is in place and used for that purpose. We also focus on the reliability and security of voting systems. We connect those who are making and implementing policy that shapes how we vote to those who understand the particular risks associated with the emerging digital landscape, particularly on-line and electronic voting.