Effects of the Boko Haram insurgency on the local population
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Since Spring 2014, Boko Haram captured about 20 cities in the States of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe.
About 13,000 people have been killed since the beginning of the Boko Haram isurection in 2009 to the end of 2014.
In January 2015, in a single attack in the city of Baga, NE Nigeria, Boko Haram killed 2,000 people, mostly women, children, and elderly people, who hadn't had time to escape before the onslaught. 1
The Chibok Girls who were mass-abducted in April 2014 and which gave rise to the BringBackOurGirls movement, although the biggest mass abduction perpetrated by Boko Haram, is unfortunately not the only one.
Human Rights Watch estimates that around 500 young women have been abducted by Boko Haram over the last 5 years.
In total, about 1,5 million Nigerian people have been displaced and became refugees, both within Nigeria and by crossing the border into neighbourhing countries. According to the UNHCR, over 100,000 Nigerian fled to Niger, 39,000 to Cameroon and 2,800 to Chad, thereby also endengering the economic structures of those already fragile regions. For example, in November 2014, Boko Haram killed 48 Nigerian traders who were going to Chad to buy some fish. Boko Haram also blocked the trading routes leading to fishing villages situated on the shores of lake Chad. 2
Economy and livelihood
For the population that does remain home, it is feared that the Boko Haram insurgency is critically disrupting the economic life and the ability of the local population to feed themselves. Farmers are abandoning their fields, where is has become unsafe for them to work.
- 1. Source: http://tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/monde/20150110.OBS9672/boko-haram-a-rase-...
- 2. Source: [23 Nov. 2014] Libération: Boko Haram massacre 48 vendeurs de poissons.