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Details of Texas's 1st Congressional District are as follows:
Location of District: Northeastern portion of Texas.
Approximate population: Based on 2000 Census, 651,619 people.
Regions of District: East Texas metropolitan areas such as Lufkin-Nacogdoches, in the south, Longview-Marshall, and Tyler.
Current Representative: Louie Gohmert, from the Republican Party.
Electorate History: District was traditionally in the past more friendly to Democrats. Previous Representative was Max Sandlin, from the Democratic Party, who was defeated for re-election in 2004 by then-challenger Louie Gohmert. Re-districting process orchestrated by Tom DeLay ended up pushing more urban conservative voters into the district and therefore silencing voices of rural voters in then-Congressman Sandlin's district. Sandlin was one of the Texas Five Democrats who got defeated for re-election in 2004.