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Plurality voting is an election method where voters can only select or vote for one candidate amongst a plurality of candidates.
There are several variants of plurality voting:
- in a single member district, plurality voting is also known as first-past-the-post.
- in some places like France, and Louisiana, USA, there are two rounds of voting, with the top two from the first round being qualified for the second round.
- proportional representation often uses plurality voting. In a multi-member district, voters can only select or vote for a single party list. There are proposed variants of proportional representation that do not use plurality voting.
Almost all countries around the world use one variant or another of plurality voting.
Plurality voting is known to be one of the worst election methods. Many of the shortcomings of our modern democracies can arguably be directly or indirectly attributed to the use of plurality voting.
The Election Method Project aims to research and promote better election methods.
- Wikipedia: Plurality voting system.