Democracy and Decision-Making (1)

Topics:
Project

Defining 'Democracy'

Democracy means:
1) Universal direct democracy has highest authority.
2) All adult organisms advanced enough to comprise soul consciousness get to vote.

The purpose of democracy is to give the public more of what they like and less of what they hate. Democracy is the manifestation of the will of the public.

Decision-Making Methods

Before I thought multiple rounds of plurality voting would best account for what people liked and hated.12 However, after being introduced to the weighted election method, emocracy, I now think it is superior for measuring group preference.

Emocracy is a variant of Score Voting. The differences are thus:

1) It has as many negative ratings as positive ones (hence the name "Emocracy", which is Emotions + Democracy: one can like as well as dislike; one may want to bury one candidate as much as one may want to promote his favourite). It means that the range in Score Voting is moved halfway down, towards the negative. 0~10 becomes -5~+5. Thus, to describe Emocracy as 0~2 is inaccurate, first because it should be -1~+1. Although it makes no difference mathematically, it does make a difference in what the voter perceives. Secondly, unlike what the current implementation of Emocracy on this site might suggest, Emocracy is not restricted to 3 levels. It can also be -5~+5, -10~+10, etc.

2) Emocracy has the added option "I don't know"3

Emocracy, with a negative range as large as the positive range and an "I don't know" option, is apt for gauging the will of the people. Democracy also means people have the right to curtail decisions they really despise. This will be reflected in the negative scoring. Additionally, it's completely acceptable for one member of a group to say "I don't know" or "I don't care" and let other members of the group decide. The "I don't know" choice should result in no change to the score of a poll option. Another advantage of emocracy is that it only requires a single round of voting for each issue.

Emocracy Applied to Different Direct Democracy Scenarios

Scenario 1

Nine friends want lunch. Each person submits what they want. There are five desired food options in total: pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, and macarons. Each food is sold at a different store. One friend volunteers to visit the chosen store(s) and collect the food.

The nine friends use the emocracy method to choose the number of final food options (i.e. the number of stores the friend volunteering to collect the food must visit).

In this case, everybody agrees to five final food options (i.e. they vote that the friend who volunteers to pick up the food visit all five stores). Thus, everybody can get their first choice.

Scenario 2

Nine friends want lunch. Each person submits what they want. There are five desired food options in total: pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, and macarons.

The nine friends use the emocracy method to choose the number of final food options and use the emocracy method to choose food options.

In this case, the friends use emocracy to determine they want three final food choices (i.e. they vote that the friend who volunteers to pick up the food visit only three stores: http://en.minguo.info/poll/14406_how_many_lunch_options_should_we_have).

They use emocracy again to determine which three stores are preferred (i.e. the three choices that score highest: http://en.minguo.info/poll/14405_what_should_we_have_for_lunch).

Scenario 3

Nine friends want lunch. Each person submits what they want. There are six desired food options in total: pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, macarons, and machine guns.

One of the friends is an "anarcho"-capitalist who wants to use the machine gun to take all the food for himself once the orders are collected and the "food" delivered (http://en.minguo.info/poll/14377_what_should_we_have_for_lunch_2).

The nine friends use the emocracy method to choose the number of final food options and use the emocracy method to choose food options.

The friends use emocracy to determine they want five final food options (i.e. they vote that the friend who volunteers to pick up the food visit only five stores: http://en.minguo.info/poll/14412_how_many_lunch_options_should_we_have_2).

They use emocracy again to determine which five stores are preferred. All the friends (except the "anarcho"-capitalist) give the 'machine gun' option the most negative score. Thus, the friend who volunteers to pick up the food only goes to the five stores that sell pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, and macarons, respectively. This is why "anarcho"-capitalists hate democracy.

Scenario 4

Nine friends want lunch. Each person submits what they want. There are five desired food options in total: pizza, hamburgers, hot dogs, ice cream, and macarons.

The nine friends use the emocracy method to choose the number of final food options and use the emocracy method to choose food options.

The friends vote to only allow one final food option since they all want to eat together at one store.

They use emocracy again to determine which food item and respective store is preferred.

Representative Democracy

A representative democracy is different from a constitutional republic or constitutional monarchy in that representative democracies must acknowledge that direct democracy has highest authority. In contrast, constitutional republics and constitutional monarchies do not acknowledge this and actively seek to limit the power of direct democracy.

The representative body would have next highest authority after direct democracy (under a system where the representative body has been approved via direct democracy). Whether or not a high court exists and whether that court has the authority to block decisions made by the representative body falls under the authority of the public or that of the representative body.

Additionally, whether a representative body is even necessary is ultimately determined by public will. Emocracy can be used by the public to determine whether a representative body is needed. If it's determined that a representative body is needed, emocracy can be used to set the number of representatives for the representative body as well as for choosing specific representatives.

Example

A tiny country consisting of 900 people and only a single district determines (using the emocracy method) that they prefer a representative body. They use the emocracy method to determine the number of representatives analogous to the way the group of friends in the food scenarios chose the number of final food options they wanted. Let's say this small country chooses to have nine representatives. Let's also say thirty candidates run for those nine positions. The emocracy method is used again and the nine candidates with the highest scores are chosen for the representative body. (end)

Before I thought that proportional representation would be the fairest way to choose representatives, and I still contend that it is superior to instant-runoff voting.4 However, for the above-mentioned reasons, I now view emocracy as the best way to gauge the will of the public and for choosing representatives if a representative body is desired. Additionally, it wouldn't be consistent for me to recommend using emocracy for the direct democracy scenarios above and not recommend it for the analogous task of choosing the number of representatives and which people to elect to a representative body. If a representative body is put into place, I would also recommend using the emocracy method within the representative body for decision-making.

Comments

Attribution and "I don't know"

Do not attribute Emocracy to me. I did not invent it nor coined the term. See "Origin":
http://en.minguo.info/wiki/emocracy
Regarding the "I don't know" option, we can continue the discussion here:
http://en.minguo.info/blogs/ran_in_93/in_an_emocracyi_dont_know_should_c...