Under the Sea!

The Dorian invasion caused the Late Bronze Age collapse which led to the Greek Dark Ages. Sparta and Athens arose afterward. Sparta was controlled by Dorian-types (comprising Dorians) while Athens was controlled by Athenian-style slave-makers (comprising Athenian slave-makers).

Invasions, destruction and possible population movements during the collapse of the Bronze Age, c. 1200:

Full image:

The sinking of Atlantis is typically a reference to the Late Bronze Age collapse:

Democracy and Apartheid

If democracy is not defined as global direct democracy having highest authority, then every tyranny and oligarchy will declare itself a democracy. We already see this everywhere from North Korea, a dictatorship; to the US, a constitutional republic; to Israel, an apartheid regime.

Time for a Conversation about Change

Fred just introduced me to a guy named Bryce Johannes.

I just finished reading his piece called "Time for a Conversation about Change" and which can be found here:
A shorter version, called "Making government of, for and by the people work" can be found here:

Thomas Paine - Agrarian Justice (1)

Whether that state that is proudly, perhaps erroneously, called civilization, has most promoted or most injured the general happiness of man, is a question that may be strongly contested. On one side, the spectator is dazzled by splendid appearances; on the other, he is shocked by extremes of wretchedness; both of which it has erected. The most affluent and the most miserable of the human race are to be found in the countries that are called civilized.

Basic Income Economics (Part 1)

I'm in the process of writing out a document that advocates for the implementation of a basic income. To do that, many myths must be dispelled. I've uploaded the first part of the document to my personal book:

Barbe Bleue and The Epic of Gilgamesh

Rebecca Yanovskaya is an artist currently residing in Canada who does illustrations in ballpoint pen and gold leaf. She does illustrations for fantasy, mythology, folktales, and other genres. She's created illustrations for Bluebeard as well as The Epic of Gilgamesh which are displayed on her website along with her other works:

broken finger

I think I broke my finger.
I can only type with one hand.
I'll do what I can but expect much reduced activity from my part until it's healed.

Israel, Athens, and Sparta

The tactics used by Israelis to maintain an apartheid state resembles tactics used by ancient Athenians as well as ancient Spartans:

The role of interest groups and political parties in Practical Democracy

The role of political parties has become a recurring theme is our discussions.

In particular, Fred and myself briefly discussed the role of special interest groups in his Practical Democracy. Their role is only passingly mentioned in his book:
I don't recall that there is a section that details the role of special interest groups in Practical Democracy.

So, I'd like to give Fred an opportunity to describe in greater details his vision.
What role if any would political parties play in Practical Democracy?

Taking Party off the ballot for representation in a district.

Taking party off the ballot in a vote for representation. Do that and the tables turn. The only thing a party wins is the agenda in Canada (if only they could vote on that), or the Presidency and his/her mandate in the USA. Representatives, preferably each elected by a majority in their district, will likely be supportive of an agenda elected by a majority in a nation wide vote. Every national party could publicly identify whichever and however many of the candidates are acceptable to their supporters.

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